Tag Archives: water

Understanding Wastewater Treatment Demands for Wineries

Wastewater treatment tankAlthough many people enjoy wine, only a few understand the process of wine production. The process generates quite much waste, with a large percentage being wastewater, which necessitates the use of highly efficient winery wastewater treatment systems. The wastewater is a product of the cleaning process of the machinery and equipment during the production process.

The amount of water, however, varies with the stage of production. The common stages that release wastewater are the harvesting, cellaring, and bottle cleaning.


This stage contributes to about half of the wastewater from the production process. The wastewater comes from the process of cleaning and pressing the grapes and cleaning any spillage. Also, this wastewater contains high amounts of contaminants.


The next process after cleaning and pressing the grapes is preparing the wine to mature, where the wine sits in a fermentation tank for a certain time until it reaches its maturation time. Various types of wine take different amounts of time to reach maturation. The wine further moves to the next stage of clarification before the bottling process. Separation of the sediments from the process follows through centrifugation, which generates liquid effluents and solid waste.


In this stage, the wastewater is from the process of cleaning bottles and disinfecting the bottling equipment. Unlike the other prior stages, the bottling process does not produce much wastewater. The wastewater does not contain many contaminants, as well.

Regardless of the amount of waste from the production process, the water contains contaminants and require treatment before discharging. Some of the contaminants are biodegradable, while others require unique processes to eliminate the harmful contaminants. Therefore, it is crucial to have wastewater treatment systems that will treat water and minimise the volume.

Signs You Have a Hard Water Problem

Water from the sinkHard water is a problem in many countries around the world. This holds true in rural and urban areas, which are serviced with chlorinated water. Hard water is an issue not just because it can stain walls and damage pipes; it can also cause premature wear and tear on appliances.

Plumbing experts from Whipple Service Champions have also pointed out that hard water can be a health hazard.

Identifying Hard Water

Water is a colorless, tasteless and odorless liquid, but sometimes, you may notice a slight smell of chlorine in the water. This is normal, especially when it has been freshly treated or if the water treatment plant is nearby. However, the smell is just one indicator of hard water.

The simplest sign of hard water is if there is a smell when it is drawn from the tap. There are various smells associated with different types of chemicals and minerals. If there is a slight metallic taste, it probably has too much iron.

If it smells like rotten eggs, then the water might be contaminated with sulfide gas or some other agent that causes a reaction to form sulfates. Noticeable sediments can also be present in water, making it look murky. A moldy aftertaste to the water can be due to algal blooms.

Wall stains, including soap scum and calcium deposits, are indicators of hard water. Reddish streaks also indicate too much iron in the water. Clogged pipes may be due to mineral deposits, specifically calcium scaling.

Effects on Pipes and Appliances

Walls can have white spots as well as scaling. These are calcium deposits from the water. There may also be the same deposits inside and outside of steel pipes. If the deposits occur inside the pipes, it may totally clog them in the future. You must act quickly to avoid health problems and structural damage.

Hard water can be controlled with the use of a water softener. Procrastinating on solving the problem does not help the homeowner.

When Should A Hot Water Heater Be Drained?

Plumbing SystemWater heaters don’t last forever. Eventually, even a high-end system will suffer from wear and eventually break down. And when heater repair specialists from companies like Action Plumbing are called, they often find a few familiar issues, such as a build-up of sediment in the heater because the homeowner has failed to drain the system regularly.

The Dangers of Sediment Build-Up

When it comes to draining a water heater, it’s not just a recommendation but a necessity to clean it regularly. Sediment is a component of any water supply. As the water travels through the distribution system, trace amounts of sediment can be picked up, settling at the bottom of the water heater over time.

Eventually, the sediment build-up can lead to water displacement in the tank. The sediment at the bottom of the heater displaces the water above it. This results in hot spots developing on the bottom of the tank which spread the heat unevenly. This can be a big problem for users of gas water heaters. Over time, the problem of uneven heating in the tank may even lead to leaks.

How Often to Drain?

Experts are unanimous that tanks should be drained at least once a year. Experts believe that annual flushes prevent the problem of sediment build-up and the development of hot spots.

If the municipal water supply in your area is relatively clean, you may not have to flush the system as often as recommended. Certain area throughout the country, such as Seattle, just happen to have cleaner water than most. However, it can often be difficult to judge the water purity in your areas, so it’s safer to stick to the recommendations just to save you trouble later.

Final Thoughts

Water heaters are powerful tools, but they require ideal conditions to operate properly. This includes a crystal-clear tank where are no problems with water displacement and hot spots. If there’s a layer of sediment at the bottom of the tank, not only will the water be unevenly heated, but the heater will have to work much harder. Over time, this can lead to costly problems. So, do yourself (and your wallet) a favor by draining the tank at least once a year.