Tag Archives: Environment

Understanding Wastewater Treatment Demands for Wineries

Wastewater treatment tankAlthough many people enjoy wine, only a few understand the process of wine production. The process generates quite much waste, with a large percentage being wastewater, which necessitates the use of highly efficient winery wastewater treatment systems. The wastewater is a product of the cleaning process of the machinery and equipment during the production process.

The amount of water, however, varies with the stage of production. The common stages that release wastewater are the harvesting, cellaring, and bottle cleaning.

Harvesting

This stage contributes to about half of the wastewater from the production process. The wastewater comes from the process of cleaning and pressing the grapes and cleaning any spillage. Also, this wastewater contains high amounts of contaminants.

Cellaring

The next process after cleaning and pressing the grapes is preparing the wine to mature, where the wine sits in a fermentation tank for a certain time until it reaches its maturation time. Various types of wine take different amounts of time to reach maturation. The wine further moves to the next stage of clarification before the bottling process. Separation of the sediments from the process follows through centrifugation, which generates liquid effluents and solid waste.

Bottling

In this stage, the wastewater is from the process of cleaning bottles and disinfecting the bottling equipment. Unlike the other prior stages, the bottling process does not produce much wastewater. The wastewater does not contain many contaminants, as well.

Regardless of the amount of waste from the production process, the water contains contaminants and require treatment before discharging. Some of the contaminants are biodegradable, while others require unique processes to eliminate the harmful contaminants. Therefore, it is crucial to have wastewater treatment systems that will treat water and minimise the volume.

EPA Removes Alabama Site from Superfund National Priorities List

A polluted environmentThe Perdido Groundwater Contamination Site in Alabama no longer exists in the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) list of the most polluted places in the US.

The EPA decided to remove the site from its Superfund National Priorities List, after announcing that there is no need for further clean-up efforts.

Crisis Management

Training for hazmat response in Utah formed part of broader contingency efforts by local law enforcement, EMS, and hospital systems. The drills aim to determine the capability of the state to handle risks from natural disasters or human-made hazards.

The mass-casualty training drill took place in Salt Lake City. Jason Nicholl of the South Salt Lake Fire Department said that the drill has been on the drawing board for at least six months. Aside from a hazmat situation, it took into account other factors such as a bombing situation or a shooting incident.

Chemical-Free

The site had been on the list since 1983 due to a chemical spill caused by a train accident, which led to groundwater contamination. The accident occurred in May 1965, when around 7,600 gallons of benzene leaked from one of the rail cars. It was only until 1981 that residents noticed a different taste and smell to their potable water, which explained the gap in declaring the site as a polluted area.

In the last five years, the EPA’s progress reports show that groundwater at the site contains benzene less than five micrograms per liter of water. This proved enough to remove the site from the Superfund list. Meanwhile, other states are preparing how to respond in the event of biohazard threats or natural disasters.

The public and private sectors in Alabama, Utah or any other state should have a clear understanding of the risks of a hazmat situation. What is your state’s contingency plan for a chemical spill?

A Safe and Fun Learning Environment: Benefits of Daycare

Children play with wooden toy, build toy railroad at home or daycare. Toddler boy play with crane, train and cars. Educational toys for preschool and kindergarten child. Cushioned furniture, chair bagAs more and more parents in New Zealand work the eight-hour shift, with many of them even spending longer hours at the workplace, the demand for daycare services has seen explosive growth. But their hectic schedules and lifestyles are not the only reasons behind the popularity of these early childhood educational facilities.

A structured environment

The best and most reliable daycare centres offer not just a safe and secure haven for young children; they also boast of a formal, organised learning environment. In addition to study and play time, they also schedule rest periods, so many of them invest in comfortable cots for toddlers in daycare.

Of course, it still depends on the overall quality of the facilities and the people running them, but as long as you make the smart choice, you and your little one can enjoy the following benefits:

A fun learning environment prioritising safety and security

Many parents prefer daycare centres over hiring a nanny because of the peace of mind that the former provides. In New Zealand, most of these facilities go through rigorous inspections for licensing. Some even have supervised caregivers in classrooms, plus a director overseeing everything that happens from the start of the day until all the youngsters have gone home.

A daycare centre also delivers an excellent early learning experience, which is something that you cannot expect when you hire a caregiver.

More benefits at a lower cost

Note also that for most daycare centres, the cost associated with signing up your child is lower than when you hire a nanny. This affordable cost, combined with the greater number of benefits you and your child can enjoy, easily makes it the smarter, better choice.

A community of support from other parents

Lastly, a daycare centre also gives you the chance to meet other parents who may lend you support and parenting tips, and whom you can share your own experiences and advice too.