Risks Associated with Retaining Your Wisdom Teeth

A man with a tooth acheWisdom teeth are the final ones to erupt. These are the third molars on both sides of your upper and lower jaws. They typically develop between 18–25 years and are often problematic, says a dentist from West Jordan.

Wisdom teeth impaction is the most common problem associated with third molars. This refers to teeth that grow sideways, crooked or fail to erupt due to lack of space fully. Apart from impaction, wisdom teeth pose a significant risk of harmful effects to those who choose to keep them. Here are a few of these effects.

Occlusal and Orthodontic Issues

Wisdom teeth can cause unwanted teeth movement since its eruption occurs in adulthood. The existing teeth become crowded and at times twist and overlap. This typically warrants orthodontic treatment.

The movement can also affect your occlusion (bite). This, in turn, stresses your facial muscles and temporomandibular joint, leading to significant orofacial discomfort.

Compromised Oral Health

Harmful bacteria commonly collect on the surface of impacted teeth. This increases the susceptibility of the gums and surrounding teeth to infection. The bacteria can also enter your bloodstream and adversely affect your heart and other body organs.

Nerve Damage

Lower wisdom teeth are closer to the nerves. This affects the taste and feeling on your tongue. They are also close to the neurovascular bundle, which runs in your lower jaw. There is, therefore, a substantial risk of the lower wisdom teeth affecting your nerves and the neurovascular bundle.

Nerves close to your wisdom teeth can also be affected by the removal of wisdom teeth by unqualified personnel. It is hence wise to get your teeth removed by a qualified oral surgeon in a well-equipped clinic.

Most dentists will recommend wisdom tooth removal even if they are causing no problems. This is a preventive measure against possible issues. They are also easy to remove at a young age as their roots have not yet fully developed.